What happens if you drink petroleum distillate


Management of Poisoning - A Handbook for Health Care Workers (ILO, WHO; 1997; 267 pages)
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction
How to use this book
Poisons centres and poison control programmes
Part 1 - General Information on Poison and Poisoning
Chapter 1 - Poisons and poisoning
Objectives
What is a poison?
Exposure to a poison
How poison gets into the body
What happens when poison is inside the body
The effects of poison
When systemic effects happen
Chapter 2 - How poisoning happens
Objectives
Accidental poisoning
Self-poisoning
Using poison to harm other people
Poison in food or drink
Medical poisoning
Abuse of drugs, chemicals or plants
The benefits and dangers of using chemicals
Chapter 3 - How to prevent poisoning
Objectives
How you can help people make their homes, workplaces, and the community safer
What can be done to prevent poisoning?
How to make homes safe
How to prevent poisoning with pesticides
What employers can do to prevent poisoning at work
How to avoid snake bites
How to prevent insect, spider and scorpion stings and bites
How to avoid eating poisonous plants, mushrooms and fish
How to avoid infection from food contaminated with germs
Chapter 4 - What to do in an emergency
Objectives
The dangers to look out for
What to do in an emergency
Chapter 5 - First aid
Objectives
Give first aid at once
First aid for poisoning
Using traditional medicines to treat poisonous bites and stings
Chapter 6 - Getting medical help
Objectives
If you can get to a hospital in less than two hours
If you are a long way from a hospital
If you cannot get medical help quickly
Taking the patient to hospital
What to do after you have read this chapter
Chapter 7 - Examining the patient
Objectives
Symptoms and signs
What the examination cannot tell you
When the patient does not have any symptoms or signs
How to examine a patient and find out the symptoms and signs
Patterns of symptoms and signs
Chapter 8 - Finding out what happened
Objectives
Talking to people
Look for the poison or other things that show you what happened
What to do next
Chapter 9 - How to look after a poisoned patient outside hospital
Objectives
What to do when the patient has swallowed poison
How to stop poison getting into the blood after it has been swallowed
Making the patient vomit
Giving activated charcoal
Giving a laxative
How to look after a very sick patient
Chapter 10 - Medicines and equipment
How to care for medicines and first aid equipment
Medicines
First aid equipment
Part 2 - Information on specific poisons
Introduction
The information in each section
Pesticides
Aluminium phosphide and zinc phosphide
Arsenic and arsenic-containing chemicals
Chlorophenoxyacetate weedkillers
Dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC), dinitrophenol, dinoseb and pentachlorophenol
Insect repellent
Metaldehyde
Organochlorine pesticides
Organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides
Paraquat
Phenol and related substances
Pyrethrins and pyrethroid insecticides
Rat poisons
Sodium chlorate
Strychnine
Thallium
Warfarin and other pesticides that stop blood clotting
Chemicals and chemical products used in the home and the workplace
Aerosol sprays
Air-fresheners, deodorant blocks and moth-balls
Benzene, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, trichloroethane, trichloroethylene and xylene
Borax, boric acid, and sodium perborate
Button batteries
Carbon monoxide
Carbon tetrachloride
Caustic and corrosive chemicals
Cosmetics and toiletries
Cyanides
Disinfectants and antiseptics
Ethanol and isopropanol
Ethylene glycol and methanol
Glue
Lead
Petroleum distillates
Phosgene
Soap and detergents
Tobacco products
Volatile oils
Products that are not usually harmful
Medicines
Acetylsalicylic acid, choline salicylate, methyl salicylate, salicylic acid
Amfetamine-like medicines, atropine-like medicines, antihistamines, cocaine, ephedrine, and pseudoephedrine
Aminophylline and theophylline
Amitriptyline-like medicines, chloroquine, quinidine, and quinine
Barbiturates, chlorpromazine-like medicines, diazepam-like medicines and meprobamate
Carbamazepine, phenytoin and valproic acid
Chlorpropamide-like medicines and insulin
Colchicine
Dapsone
Digitalis, digitoxin and digoxin